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Species: human
Number of cells: 31914
Study size: 785MB

toolbox  
tumor profiling 
biopsy  
resection 
ovarian cancer  

A single-cell and single-nucleus RNA-Seq toolbox for fresh and frozen human tumors (Ovarian)

Michal Slyper, Caroline B. M. Porter, Orr Ashenberg, Julia Waldman, Eugene Drokhlyansky, Isaac Wakiro, Christopher Smillie, Gabriela Smith-Rosario, Jingyi Wu, Danielle Dionne, Sébastien Vigneau, Judit Jané-Valbuena, Sara Napolitano, Mei-Ju Su, Anand G. Patel, Asa Karlstrom, Simon Gritsch, Masashi Nomura, Avinash Waghray, Satyen H. Gohil, Alexander M. Tsankov, Livnat Jerby-Arnon, Ofir Cohen, Johanna Klughammer, Yanay Rosen, Joshua Gould, Bo Li, Lan Nguyen, Catherine J. Wu, Benjamin Izar, Rizwan Haq, F. Stephen Hodi, Charles H. Yoon, Aaron N. Hata, Suzanne J. Baker, Mario L. Suvà, Raphael Bueno, Elizabeth H. Stover, Ursula A. Matulonis, Michael R. Clay, Michael A. Dyer, Natalie B. Collins, Nikhil Wagle, Asaf Rotem, Bruce E. Johnson, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, Aviv Regev

Single-cell genomics is essential to chart tumor ecosystems. Although single-cell RNA-Seq (scRNA-Seq) profiles RNA from cells dissociated from fresh tumors, single-nucleus RNA-Seq (snRNA-Seq) is needed to profile frozen or hard-to-dissociate tumors. Each requires customization to different tissue and tumor types, posing a barrier to adoption. Here, we have developed a systematic toolbox for profiling fresh and frozen clinical tumor samples using scRNA-Seq and snRNA-Seq, respectively. We analyzed 216,490 cells and nuclei from 40 samples across 23 specimens spanning eight tumor types of varying tissue and sample characteristics. We evaluated protocols by cell and nucleus quality, recovery rate and cellular composition. scRNA-Seq and snRNA-Seq from matched samples recovered the same cell types, but at different proportions. Our work provides guidance for studies in a broad range of tumors, including criteria for testing and selecting methods from the toolbox for other tumors, thus paving the way for charting tumor atlases.

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